American hedonism closes its eyes to death, and has been
incapable of exorcising the destructive power of the moment
with a wisdom like that of the Epicureans of antiquity.

- Octavio Paz
Death is un-American, and an affront to every citizen's inalienable
right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

- Arnold Toynbee
"As long as such self-serving hypocrisy
motivates America's response, Ukraine will
only sink further into needless bloodshed,
and that blood will be on America's head."
In America everybody is of the opinion that he has no social superiors,
since all men are equal, but he does not admit that he has no social inferiors,
for, from the time of Jefferson onward, the doctrine that all men are equal
applies only upwards, not downwards.

― Bertrand Russell
Global Coke
Global Coke
"What those 'racists' are reflexively and rightly reacting
to is the soulless chill as the fire goes out beneath the
melting pot. Those who think America can thrive as a
'cultural mosaic' are worse than fools; they're Canadians."

Global Coke
Two centuries ago, a former European colony decided to catch up with Europe.
It succeeded so well that the United States of America became a monster,
in which the taints, the sickness and the inhumanity of Europe
have grown to appalling dimensions.

― Frantz Fanon
What the United States does best is understand itself.
What it does worst is understand others.

- Carlos Fuentes
Poor Mexico, so far from God
and so close to the United States.

- Porfirio Diaz
"Indeed, everything about the American southland was magical
and exotic to the young Canadian musicians, from the sights
and smells to the drawling manner of speech to, especially, the
central role that music played in people’s everyday lives."

America is a mistake, a giant mistake.
- Sigmund Freud
America is an adorable woman chewing tobacco.
- Auguste Bartholdi
"This is the tone of the China Century, a subtle
mix of Nazi/Soviet bravado and 'oriental'
cunning -- easily misunderstood, and
heard before, in a real enemy, by the West."

Coke and 'America the Beautiful'
Coke and 'America the Beautiful'
"And for the others who argued for English-only
patriotism, I note that there are more than
57 million Americans (about 20% of the nation)
whose first-language is not English...."

Coke and 'America the Beautiful'
"This is the behavior, and the fate, of paranoid
old-world tyrants like Hitler or Saddam, not liberal new-world democracies like America pretends to be."

America is the only nation in history which
miraculously has gone directly from barbarism to
degeneration without the usual interval of civilization.

- Georges Clemenceau
I found there a country with thirty-two religions and only one sauce.
- Charles–Maurice Talleyrand
A people who are still, as it were, but in the gristle,
and not yet hardened into the bone of manhood.

- Edmund Burke
America is the only country ever founded on the printed word.
- Marshall McLuhan
"The removal of racist sports nicknames (and mascots) seems outrageously belated
-- why, exactly, has this civil rights cause
taken so long to gain momentum?"

The atom bomb is a paper tiger which the
United States reactionaries use to scare people.
It looks terrible, but in fact it isn't.

- Mao Tse-tung
They made us many promises, more than I can remember, but
they kept only one; they promised to take our land, and they did.

- Red Cloud
In America sex is an obsession,
in other parts of the world it is a fact.

- Marlene Dietrich
I would rather have a nod from an American,
than a snuff-box from an emperor.

- Lord Byron
One day the United States discovered it was an empire.
But it didn’t know what an empire was.
It thought that an empire was merely the biggest of all corporations.

- Roberto Calasso
Americans are so enamored of equality, they would rather
be equal in slavery than unequal in freedom.

- Alexis de Tocqueville
"No one, I thought, could watch those scenes, of young children slaughtered en masse, and so many parents grieving, without thinking that this, finally, would tip some kind of balance in the country."
If you are prepared to accept the consequences of your dreams
then you must still regard America today with the same naive
enthusiasm as the generations that discovered the New World.

- Jean Baudrillard
I am willing to love all mankind, except an American.
- Samuel Johnson
America, thou half brother of the world;
With something good and bad of every land.

- Philip Bailey
"What can be more powerful than disinformation in the Information Age?"
England and America are two countries separated by the same language.
- Sir Walter Besant
Christopher Columbus, as everyone knows, is honored by
posterity because he was the last to discover America.

- James Joyce
Now, from America, empty indifferent things
are pouring across, sham things, dummy life.

- Rainer Maria Rilke
If the United States is to recover fortitude and lucidity,
it must recover itself, and to recover itself it must
recover the "others"- the outcasts of the Western world.
- Octavio Paz
The youth of America is their oldest tradition.
It has been going on now for three hundred years.

- Oscar Wilde
"America really is, for most Americans, all things considered, a good place to be, and all they really want is for everyone to enjoy the same privilege and pleasure."
When good Americans die they go to Paris;
when bad Americans die they go to America.

- Oscar Wilde
jobs drug dealer
jobs drug dealer
They're nothing more than traffickers; and as the smart traffickers'll tell you, you don't use the merchandise. They are just inoculating their kids with a tech-drug serum, to immunize them against the very merchandise that put the **** bowling alley in their basement.
jobs drug dealer
America is therefore the land of the future, where, in the ages that
lie before us, the burden of the World's History shall reveal itself.

- Georg Friedrich Hegel
America is a large, friendly dog in a very small room.
Every time it wags its tail, it knocks over a chair.

- Arnold Toynbee
Americans always try to do the right thing after they've tried everything else.
- Winston Churchill
The thing that impresses me most about Americans
is the way parents obey their children.

- Edward, Duke of Windsor
Americans are apt to be unduly interested in discovering
what average opinion believes average opinion to be.

- John Maynard Keynes
Europe was created by history.
America was created by philosophy.

- Margaret Thatcher
America is God's crucible, the great Melting-Pot where all the races of
Europe are melting and reforming!... The real American has not yet arrived.
He is only in the crucible, I tell you - he will be the fusion of all races.

- Israel Zangwill
American dreams are strongest in the hearts of those
who have seen America only in their dreams.

- Pico Iyer
America: It's like Britain, only with buttons.
- Ringo Starr
The essential American soul is hard, isolate, stoic, and a killer.
It has never yet melted.

― D.H. Lawrence
I have two conflicting visions of America.
One is a kind of dream landscape and the other is a kind of black comedy.

― Bono
The American mirror, said the voice, the sad American mirror
of wealth and poverty and constant useless metamorphosis,
the mirror that sails and whose sails are pain.

― Roberto Bolaño

April 24, 2024


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Author Topic: Language, emojis and globalization

Novice Their American
Posts: 6
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Language, emojis and globalization
on: April 5, 2017, 14:36

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2015 is…

An article for Al Jazeera covers the use of emojis as a bridge to the globalization of language. Recently MOMA had a display of early emojis acknowledging that the use of pictures to communicate by phone has become accepted into our culture and has a significance to the way language is used. The article talks about the ease with which emojis translate, as well as the increase in cultural representations within emojis. In 2015 the Oxford Word of the Year was the emoji ‘Face with Tears of Joy’. This prize was commented on by Casper Grathwohl, President of Oxford Dictionaries, “You can see how traditional alphabet scripts have been struggling to meet the rapid-fire, visually focused demands of 21st Century communication. It’s not surprising that a pictographic script like emoji has stepped in to fill those gaps.” The cultural significance of this for language is interesting. Throughout globalization narratives by Adichie, Achebe, Shteyngart and many others, languages are mixed within the narratives creating a quasi-hybrid narrative, perhaps emojis serve a similar function in personal communications.

New Member
Posts: 4
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Re: Language, emojis and globalization
on: April 5, 2017, 15:58

Given the emphasis in this class towards researching and exploring the complexity and obscurity of words, it is interesting that a new form of language that does not even contain words has become so important in our day to day lives. Emojis are entirely based on a universal meaning and interpretation. Each company, be it Apple, Samsung, Windows, etc. has their own emojis which, although slightly different in their appearance, showcase the same images which are all interpreted the same. The ‘Face with Tears of Joy’ is personally one of my favourite emojis because I have interpreted it as a carefree expression of pure enjoyment. When I asked one of my closest friends who also uses this emoji frequently what this particular emoji means to her, she told me that she interprets it as a moment of absolute hilarity in which a simple laugh would not express how she feels strongly enough. Although we interpret the emoji slightly differently, we can both use this emoji in the same context and get the same conclusion from its use. Although symbols have been used before in order to express ideas, for instance the Egyptian hieroglyphics which dictated specific words or short phrases, the emojis are based on interpretation and the global understanding of a small image.

Novice Their American
Posts: 8
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Re: Language, emojis and globalization
on: April 5, 2017, 23:32

This is a very interesting article and I think it speaks directly to the globalization of language. It allows people to communicate across cultures and language barriers. While this development is in many ways a positive step for the future of language, it could also pose problems for clarifying communication in encounters where a person cannot see facial expressions or describe emotion. The true meaning behind many emojis is vague and often people are not aware of the intended message. While these emojis allow people to speak across cultures, it does not account for the lack of clarity that words define for a conversation. For example, when using the popular "poop" emoji, a person could intend the image to translate as "SHIT" or as a lighthearted goofy message. In turn, this creates a problem that the use of words often clarifies. It also takes away from the depth of conversation with words. A person may be able to explain an emotion or idea in 2-3 emojis but the recipient only gets a brief glimpse of what would have traditionally been an in-depth explanation. Maybe I am similar to the protagonist (Lenny) of Gary Shteyngart's novel Super Sad True Love Story, but I cherish the eloquence of words and language (as opposed to abbreviations and emojis) because for me it offers so much more depth to a conversation. Similar to how he collects and holds onto paperback novels I continue to fight against the use of too many abbreviations and emojis. I suppose there will be a day when all language has been adapted and shortened to suit our busy lifestyles and I will be scolded for treasuring the intimacy of the English language.

New Member
Posts: 2
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Re: Language, emojis and globalization
on: May 29, 2017, 05:51

Several years ago adults were baffled over teenagers’ use of popular acronyms on social media which happened to be a new language in the making. Years have passed and now the 21st century is known for the improvement of that particular language. The once scarce use of words has now been replaced with the use of emojis - tiny ideograms and smileys used in the virtual world as expression of emotions. It is interesting how both youngsters and adults quickly pick up the habit of following and practicing the new trends. There are many reasons why these emojis have become part of the one’s everyday life:
1) When having a busy schedule and no time to always check the phone, the possibility to answer a call or a message with emojis is considered as a salvation since it takes you only couple seconds (your girlfriend will never get annoyed because you haven’t answered her 5 pending text messages :D)
2) some people find texting as an easier way of communication since they avoid being confronted with others vis-à-vis. Consequently, for them the emojis are an upgrade of the word texts which significantly simplify their life. Now they can easily express each emotional state they would never be able to show in real life.
3) People can now expand their social circles even outside their geographical borders. Today you can live in Germany yet have a best friend from Thailand living in France. Language barriers can no longer be the major obstacle in creating new relationships. Every single thought (sentence) can be translated in the emoji language.
Whether this globaliazation of language helps humanity or not is a debatable question. Some find the invention of emojis as an improvement needed in their social lives, some find it as the reason why their social relations die.

Experienced Their American
Posts: 11
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Re: Language, emojis and globalization
on: June 16, 2017, 16:26

Perhaps, ideally, emojis are seen as that ultimate goal for a universal language. It may not appear to have a colonial insidiousness associated with languages such as English. At the same time, as already stated, it is still subject to misinterpretation. Just the other day, I sent a message to someone about how I'd seen their name in the liner notes of a music album, and their response was simplified into a "thumbs-up" emoji. Am I to take that as an acknowledgement, or sarcasm?

I feel it is merely too much simplification at hand. I feel like there has been a shift from the emoticons that were meant to be supplementary for text-based communication, now changing into the emojis that serve to replace. Sure, it has its perks to communicate with other cultures regardless of language barriers, but I am also skeptical that it may depreciate language. Personally, I am not sold by the idea that it is a time-saver - would such a notion undermine the thought and feeling behind the words people articulate? Would I as a recipient feel somewhat undervalued if the person I'm communicating with resorted to a simplified image as opposed to making time to send a few words?

I am not a person who practices such short-forms, anyway. I feel as though it facilitates a social society warned against from writers such as Harlan Ellison, and succumbed to schedule in the dystopian metropolis of Georg Simmel's design - but that is merely my eloquent perception.

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