American hedonism closes its eyes to death, and has been
incapable of exorcising the destructive power of the moment
with a wisdom like that of the Epicureans of antiquity.

- Octavio Paz
Death is un-American, and an affront to every citizen's inalienable
right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

- Arnold Toynbee
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"As long as such self-serving hypocrisy
motivates America's response, Ukraine will
only sink further into needless bloodshed,
and that blood will be on America's head."
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In America everybody is of the opinion that he has no social superiors,
since all men are equal, but he does not admit that he has no social inferiors,
for, from the time of Jefferson onward, the doctrine that all men are equal
applies only upwards, not downwards.

― Bertrand Russell
Global Coke
Global Coke
"What those 'racists' are reflexively and rightly reacting
to is the soulless chill as the fire goes out beneath the
melting pot. Those who think America can thrive as a
'cultural mosaic' are worse than fools; they're Canadians."

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Global Coke
Two centuries ago, a former European colony decided to catch up with Europe.
It succeeded so well that the United States of America became a monster,
in which the taints, the sickness and the inhumanity of Europe
have grown to appalling dimensions.

― Frantz Fanon
What the United States does best is understand itself.
What it does worst is understand others.

- Carlos Fuentes
Poor Mexico, so far from God
and so close to the United States.

- Porfirio Diaz
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"Indeed, everything about the American southland was magical
and exotic to the young Canadian musicians, from the sights
and smells to the drawling manner of speech to, especially, the
central role that music played in people’s everyday lives."

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America is a mistake, a giant mistake.
- Sigmund Freud
America is an adorable woman chewing tobacco.
- Auguste Bartholdi
chimerica
chimerica
"This is the tone of the China Century, a subtle
mix of Nazi/Soviet bravado and 'oriental'
cunning -- easily misunderstood, and
never
heard before, in a real enemy, by the West."

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chimerica
Coke and 'America the Beautiful'
Coke and 'America the Beautiful'
"And for the others who argued for English-only
patriotism, I note that there are more than
57 million Americans (about 20% of the nation)
whose first-language is not English...."

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Coke and 'America the Beautiful'
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"This is the behavior, and the fate, of paranoid
old-world tyrants like Hitler or Saddam, not liberal new-world democracies like America pretends to be."

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America is the only nation in history which
miraculously has gone directly from barbarism to
degeneration without the usual interval of civilization.

- Georges Clemenceau
I found there a country with thirty-two religions and only one sauce.
- Charles–Maurice Talleyrand
A people who are still, as it were, but in the gristle,
and not yet hardened into the bone of manhood.

- Edmund Burke
America is the only country ever founded on the printed word.
- Marshall McLuhan
"The removal of racist sports nicknames (and mascots) seems outrageously belated
-- why, exactly, has this civil rights cause
taken so long to gain momentum?"

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The atom bomb is a paper tiger which the
United States reactionaries use to scare people.
It looks terrible, but in fact it isn't.

- Mao Tse-tung
They made us many promises, more than I can remember, but
they kept only one; they promised to take our land, and they did.

- Red Cloud
In America sex is an obsession,
in other parts of the world it is a fact.

- Marlene Dietrich
I would rather have a nod from an American,
than a snuff-box from an emperor.

- Lord Byron
One day the United States discovered it was an empire.
But it didn’t know what an empire was.
It thought that an empire was merely the biggest of all corporations.

- Roberto Calasso
Americans are so enamored of equality, they would rather
be equal in slavery than unequal in freedom.

- Alexis de Tocqueville
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newtown
"No one, I thought, could watch those scenes, of young children slaughtered en masse, and so many parents grieving, without thinking that this, finally, would tip some kind of balance in the country."
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newtown
If you are prepared to accept the consequences of your dreams
then you must still regard America today with the same naive
enthusiasm as the generations that discovered the New World.

- Jean Baudrillard
I am willing to love all mankind, except an American.
- Samuel Johnson
America, thou half brother of the world;
With something good and bad of every land.

- Philip Bailey
"What can be more powerful than disinformation in the Information Age?"
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England and America are two countries separated by the same language.
- Sir Walter Besant
Christopher Columbus, as everyone knows, is honored by
posterity because he was the last to discover America.

- James Joyce
Now, from America, empty indifferent things
are pouring across, sham things, dummy life.

- Rainer Maria Rilke
If the United States is to recover fortitude and lucidity,
it must recover itself, and to recover itself it must
recover the "others"- the outcasts of the Western world.
- Octavio Paz
The youth of America is their oldest tradition.
It has been going on now for three hundred years.

- Oscar Wilde
"America really is, for most Americans, all things considered, a good place to be, and all they really want is for everyone to enjoy the same privilege and pleasure."
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When good Americans die they go to Paris;
when bad Americans die they go to America.

- Oscar Wilde
jobs drug dealer
jobs drug dealer
They're nothing more than traffickers; and as the smart traffickers'll tell you, you don't use the merchandise. They are just inoculating their kids with a tech-drug serum, to immunize them against the very merchandise that put the **** bowling alley in their basement.
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America is therefore the land of the future, where, in the ages that
lie before us, the burden of the World's History shall reveal itself.

- Georg Friedrich Hegel
America is a large, friendly dog in a very small room.
Every time it wags its tail, it knocks over a chair.

- Arnold Toynbee
Americans always try to do the right thing after they've tried everything else.
- Winston Churchill
The thing that impresses me most about Americans
is the way parents obey their children.

- Edward, Duke of Windsor
Americans are apt to be unduly interested in discovering
what average opinion believes average opinion to be.

- John Maynard Keynes
Europe was created by history.
America was created by philosophy.

- Margaret Thatcher
America is God's crucible, the great Melting-Pot where all the races of
Europe are melting and reforming!... The real American has not yet arrived.
He is only in the crucible, I tell you - he will be the fusion of all races.

- Israel Zangwill
American dreams are strongest in the hearts of those
who have seen America only in their dreams.

- Pico Iyer
America: It's like Britain, only with buttons.
- Ringo Starr
The essential American soul is hard, isolate, stoic, and a killer.
It has never yet melted.

― D.H. Lawrence
I have two conflicting visions of America.
One is a kind of dream landscape and the other is a kind of black comedy.

― Bono
The American mirror, said the voice, the sad American mirror
of wealth and poverty and constant useless metamorphosis,
the mirror that sails and whose sails are pain.

― Roberto Bolaño

November 11, 2019

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Author Topic: Racist or Not?


BKM123
New Member
Posts: 2
Ben Mathew
Racist or Not?
on: March 6, 2018, 13:06

Many books have been written over the years addressing racism, and slavery such as "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave" by Frederick Douglass, and more modern texts like "To Kill a Mocking Bird" by Harper Lee. Both have a clear stance on racism, and both authors clearly show they don't care for it at all. But it isn't always so clear, Mark Twain’s book “Huckleberry Finn” is often a topic of conversation, and is regarded as both educational, and controversial. But what kind of book this is, can be hard to determine. This book is seen as an anti racist book, fighting for freedom, while at the same time Mark is known to have fought for the south in the civil war, and often would go to minstrel shows, and said how much he enjoyed it. But do these factors, and writing Jim like the "buffoons" in these shows, make the text in its self racist?

This text shouldn't be racist in any sense, rather it is trying to be accurate with the use of negative slang towards Jim, and is Twain writing to white audience likely slave owners, so using similar concepts, and moral struggle helps them understand the text too. Many people of the time also understand Minstrel shows so by using some humor, and jokes from it tricks the reader in reading the text expecting more jokes along the same lines. Jim starts out seeming not to be smart in the text, and some things go over his head, as he is easily tricked by Huck, and conman Duke, and King. As Jim teams up with Huck they both grow and learn a lot from each other. Also, at the start he is called the N word, and clear barriers are put up between them, the reader sees Huck, and Jim become closer, as Huck even stops calling Jim the N word. Keeping this in mind, Twain links the two together, and almost makes the reader forget Jim was a slave, as he transforms into a man again. This was not a mistake Twain planned this out as a white reader may even start to feel bad for Jim to we grow to like him. Twain uses popular stereo types to help the reader understand Jim, and have some laughs at first, but as it goes on he breaks the prejudice towards black people in this time showing the voice of Jim written in the text. This is done this way so a white person at this time wouldn't challenge the book and dismiss it right of the back, rather the ideas of equality slowly seep in unexpected, and people start to pity Jim. Therefore, based on these ideas this book is not meant to be racist, rather just use that racism as mask to hide the true values he stands for, and have more people give the book a chance.



OwlCreekBr-
idge
New Member
Posts: 4
OwlCreekBridge
Re: Racist or Not?
on: April 4, 2018, 23:36

Overall, I'd say that I agree with your response. I think that to remove the "N word" from Mark Twain's work would be doing a gross injustice to the individuals who lived during that time. It will do us no good to deny history, or to replace it with something else, merely because it makes us uncomfortable. In fact, I believe that we have to embrace this discomfort, and realize exactly why it makes us uncomfortable, so that we can resist repeating the mistakes of the past. Following my train of thought, when Warner Brothers airs some of its older cartoons, it actually inserts a disclaimer regarding racist content. It states that "These cartoons are being presented as they were originally created, because to do otherwise would be the same as claiming these prejudices never existed." In the same way, we must not censor works such as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and To Kill A Mockingbird , as to do so would be to ignore a horrible period of American history, and consequently, what can be learned from it.

Unfortunately I can't find a strictly academic site discussing it, but here's a link to the "Movies" section of Reddit where you can view the disclaimer:

Warner bros. message on prejudice being played before old Looney Tunes films from movies

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